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Volume VI Issue IV 2020

Volume VI Issue IV 2020
ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION VIS-À-VIS BREAST CANCER: AN OVERVIEW

Year:2020 Volume VI Issue IV

Print ISSN :2454-6542,Online ISSN:2454-6542

Received on:30th Aug 2020, Received in Revised Form:22nd Sept 2020, Accepted On:12th October 2020

Saumyasree Pradhana
Department of Public Health (Zoology), Ravenshaw University, Cuttack-753003 (Odisha), India

Bijay Kumar Padhi
School of Public Health, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh- 160012, India

Bikram Keshari Mishra
Department of Sociology, Ravenshaw University, Cuttack-753003 (Odisha), India

Corresponding Author: saumyasreep@gmail.com

Abstract

There are environmental, reproductive, endocrine, hereditary and life-style factors associated with increased risk of breast cancer development. A high risk of breast cancer has been associated with early menarche, delayed childbearing, decreased parity, and a sedentary lifestyle as well as exposure to environmental carcinogens. Different environmental determinants of developing breast cancer are chemicals starting from preservatives in our lipstick to flame retardants in our sofas, chemicals like dichloro diphenyl trichloroethane (DDT), polychorinated biphenyls (PCBs), dichloro diphenyl dichloroethane (DDE), weed killers, pesticides, cosmetics, vehicular exhaust (a complex mixture of many chemical compounds, including benzene, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and benzo[a]pyrene, Nitrogen dioxide), plastic additives or by-products, ingredients in spray paints and paint removers, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ionizing radiation, metals including arsenic, beryllium, cadmium, chromium, nickel, and related compounds, tobacco-smoking and soot particles, etc. Thus, precautions should be taken while handling such chemicals and metals. Smoking and use of cosmetics should be avoided. These risk factors/ environmental determinants responsible for developing breast cancer are summarized in this article. Suggestions and recommendations have also been discussed.

Keywords

Vehicular pollution, Tobacco smoking, Cosmetics, Ionizing radiation, breast cancer

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